“Android is a software stack for mobile devices that includes an operating system, middleware and key applications.” -Google
In July of 2005, Google acquired the company Android, Inc. which was founded by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears (former VP of T-mobile), and Chris White (former engineer for WebTV). There wasn’t much information known at the time about Android, Inc. other than the fact that they created software for mobile phones.
At this time the founders of Android, Inc. and a Google team began developing a linux based mobile operating system platform. Android allows software developers to write code in a java-based language that uses Google developed java libraries but is not read in native code.
Google has announced that when the mobile operating system is released, it will be available under the open-source license.